14th Field Artillery Regiment

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Distinctive Unit Insignia 

History of the Warbonnet Crest 

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The information about the unit crest came from Mr Bob Hamilton at the 14th field artillery regiment.

Reference Letter; The Institute of Heraldry, United States Army, dated 7 November 1991.
Subject; Distinctive Unit Insignia for the 14th Field Artillery
 
The distinctive unit insignia for the 14th Field Artillery, amended this date to correct the description of the insignia and revise the symbolism, was:
 
a. Originally approved for the 14th Field Artillery by letter AG 421.7, 1st Bn. 14FA, The Adjutant General's Office, 20 October 1923.
 
b. Redesigned for the 14th Field Artillery (Armored) by letter AG 421.7 14th FA (Armored), The Adjutant General'a Office, 25 October 1940.
 
c. Redesignated for the 14th Armored Field Artillery Battalion by letter AG 421.7 14th Armored Field Artillery Bn. The Adjutant General's Office 30 March 1942.
 
d. Redesignated for the 14th Artillery by letter QMACH 424.2 & 421.4 14th Arty Regt. Quatermaster Activities (forerunner of the Institute of Heraldry), 21 November 1958.
 
e. Redesignated for the 14th Field Artillery, efective 1 September 1971 , by letter AGAH-A, The Institute of Heraldry, 3 December 1971.
 
2. The description and symbolism of the design are as follows:
 
DESCRIPTION
 
A silver color metal and enamel device consisting of a red disc charged with a white maltese cross within a ring of fourteen gouttes d' eau (silver) reversed; attached above a wreath of the colors, silver and red, on which is a red and white American Indian war bonnet surmounting a silver arrow. attached below, a silver triparted scroll inscribed "EX HOC SIGNO VICTORIA" in black letters.
 
SYMBOLISM
 
Scarlet (red) is a color traditionally associated with Artillery units.  The cross, a heraldic device, and utilized by the Indians in Oklahoma, is symbolic of the morning star and is representative of the dawn of the 14th Field Artillery.  The fourteen drops of water correspond to the numerical designation of the regiment.  The irregular placement of the drops is to represent a dried peyote, a species of small cactus, one of the scared emblems of the Comanche and Kiowa Indians.  The war bonnet pierced by the arrow of Santanta, a noted Kiowa chief of the mid-19th century, is really a spear with feathered end and leather grip.  Santanta was well known amoung all the Indians of the Fort Sill region.

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Chief Santanta

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Chief Santanta was buried in a rather plain grave in Huntsville Texas, but through the efforts of the Kiowa and Comanche, his remains were moved to Fort Sill in 1963 by his grandson. His grave is now prominent in the Fort Sill Cemetery.
 
First we took his way of life and his land away, then we used his shield and warbonnet for our crest.  Even in death Santanta lives on.

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Fort Sill Cemetery
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Look at the warbonnet that is on Santanta's head stone.

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